Relationship between Fundamental rights and Directive principles of State policy (DPSP)


Fundamental rights and Directive principles of State policy || Question writing for UPSC Mains


Introduction –

Fundamental rights are the justiciable rights given to the citizens of India against the state as well, as some rights against others too.
Directive principles of state policy are the guidance to the state for the welfare of people of India.

Relationship between both Fundamental and DPSCP –

  • Dignity of citizens – Article 17, Article 21 of fundamental rights provide citizens Right to Life with Dignity, Whereas Article 39, Article 41, Article 43, Article 47 guides the state to provide basic amenities such Right to work, maternity relief, good nutrition etc. to citizens to live with dignity.
  • Protecting Culture and tradition – Article 29 and Article 30 provide cultural rights whereas Article 99 provides protection of monuments.
  • Women empowerment – Article 15 in Fundamental rights whereas Article 39, Article 42 guide the state for providing maternity relief, equal pay for equal work and allows government to make certain provision for women empowerment.
  • Child development – Article 21 A in Fundamental rights and Article 45 in Directive principle of state policy guides government for welfare of children and providing compulsory education between the age of 6-14 years. Article 24 provides prohibition of child Labor.

Conclusion –

While formation of constitution, constituent Assembly decided to provide at least basic rights and depending on the resources availability as fundamental right and guided the state to implement welfare rights to the citizens in the coming time as directive principles of state policy.

Fundamental Rights – 

Fundamental rights are the basic rights every human being has access to. No one can go against these Fundamental rights as these are the basic human right for every person of India. For UPSC Exam point of view Fundamental rights is a important topic for every UPSC aspirant but it is a important law for every Indian citizen too. To read about Fundamental Rights in depth please visit official website of government – Click Here

The Basic Fundamental rights are –

  1. Right To Equality
  2. Right to Freedom
  3. Right to Freedom of Religion
  4. Right Against Exploitation
  5. Cultural And Educational Rights
  6. Right To Constitutional Remedies.

Directive principles of State policy –

These are the Principles which are not directly forced to apply on Indian citizen like as Fundamental right does. DPSP are the guidelines given by the state government while creating or applying any new law for Indian citizens.
The main difference between the Fundamental right and  Directive principles of State policy (DPSP) is that DPSP are not enforceable laws like fundamental rights and cannot be taken to the court for any case and for any favor.

Read More article for UPSC Mains writing practice and current affairs – Click Here

What is the full form of DPSP?

The full form f DPSP is Directive Principles of State policy. These are basic guidelines of state government to create or apply new law.

What are the Fundamental rights of Indians?

There are 6 types of Fundamental rights for every Indian citizen -
Right To Equality
Right to Freedom
Right to Freedom of Religion
Right Against Exploitation
Cultural And Educational Rights
Right To Constitutional Remedies.


My Learning
Latest Updates 78%
The Insiders Talk
The Insiders Talk

We are working in Ed-Tech oragnization where we run multiple business and works on new ideas. Here we try to provide you write guidence for Government category exams.

Scroll to Top